Gap Assessment

Plan Your Process & Prepare Your Organization 

To begin any compliance process, we will need to evaluate differences between existing cybersecurity programs and controls against your chosen frameworks.  We offer two options.


Compliance Process Readiness

Prepare your organization for a security compliance process and engender critical buy-in from stakeholders.


Senior or Top Management and Business Process Owners


This is a one or two day clinic held at the client site. We break down the chosen compliance framework’s standard requirements and how they can be tailored to fit into your business process.  New projects may be uncovered. We can tailor the clinic to evaluate different frameworks against standards you are already following.


Organizations will gain an understanding of what is really required. This is a great opportunity to engage key stakeholders as clinic participants to ensure buy-in.

Framework Gap Assessment

Obtain an evaluation of what changes are needed for your organization to pass an audit.


Risk and Business Process Owners


We conduct a holistic review of the framework you have chosen and assess your readiness for a certification assessment. This is performed in two steps beginning with a Current Security Program Review and followed by a Security Control Review.


 We provide you with an Action Plan and a Risk Treatment Plan. We will confirm the originally chosen framework or recommend a substitution depending upon findings within the organization combined with commitments to customers.   

The Importance of a Cybersecurity Gap Assessment

Before you begin developing your cybersecurity strategy, it's important to take a good, honest look at
your organization's current security posture. A cybersecurity gap analysis is a good way to do that. It
measures your current security posture against a desired state of information security. Regardless of
the industry standards you're using to assess your organization's security, this analysis will uncover
areas for improvement.

NIST Framework

A cybersecurity gap assessment will provide you with an accurate picture of your cybersecurity
capabilities. You should be aware of the gaps in your cybersecurity program and how to close them.
Fortunately, there are many resources available to help you perform a gap analysis. After a thorough
assessment of your cybersecurity program, you can then develop an effective security strategy
based on the results.

The NIST Framework for cybersecurity gap assessment is a critical tool for determining your
organization's current cybersecurity posture. It will help you understand where you stand now and
where you want to be. This will help you prioritize security capabilities and implement effective
corrective actions. You can then compare your current security posture against the goals outlined in
the Framework Core.

Once you've identified your cybersecurity gaps, you'll need to prioritize the improvements you'd like
to make based on the risk and cost-benefit ratio. You'll also need to determine how much resources
you need to make the improvements. You should also note that the steps you've taken so far should
help you implement targeted improvements.

To get started, create a high-level project plan highlighting the basic security gaps, a general action
plan, and an expected date for achievement. These will give you a general sense of how to proceed
and will demonstrate that you're committed to implementing the cybersecurity framework. Next,
consult with a cybersecurity consultant to prioritize the controls you need to address and implement.
NIST Framework for cybersecurity is a voluntary framework developed by the National Institute of
Standards and Technology. It provides guidance for improving the security posture of critical
infrastructure. It's an excellent way to assess your cybersecurity maturity, identify gaps, and plan to
fill them. It is widely used by organizations to meet the federal cybersecurity regulations.
Information security is evolving, and the security controls that worked yesterday may not be
sufficient in today's world. If you don't address these gaps, you'll risk losing confidential information,
incurring financial penalties, and damaging your reputation. Information security gap analysis, also
known as IT security gap analysis, is a vital step in implementing an effective cybersecurity strategy.

Frameworks for cybersecurity gap analysis

Security gap analysis is an essential part of a cybersecurity strategy. It allows an organization to
assess how far it's come in addressing cybersecurity concerns. However, it's not a simple process. It
can be lengthy, and it's crucial to have a clear understanding of the risks and gaps to ensure that
your organization can make improvements.

To do this, you'll need to use a framework that allows you to compare different security controls.
Another framework for cybersecurity gap analysis is ISO 27001. This framework offers an overview
of the certification requirements, and enables an organization to gauge its current state of compliance. It also allows you to scope ISMS parameters across all business functions. Once you've performed a gap analysis, you'll be able to develop an actionable plan for improving security.

Cybersecurity gap analysis is an important part of a risk management program. It compares your
firm's security plan against best practices, controls, and frameworks. The results of this analysis will
help you decide where to focus your resources and investments. It's also important to note that this
process is not the same as risk assessment, although the two are complementary.

The NIST CSF has three main components, including a framework core, a profile, and an
implementation tier. The core consists of 23 categories and 108 subcategories that span five
functional areas. It outlines the controls an organization must implement to achieve desired
outcomes. The implementation tiers describe how to measure the controls and manage risks.

Techniques for conducting a gap analysis

The first step in conducting a gap analysis is to define the scope of the investigation. This helps
maintain focus and alignment across the team. Clearly defining the scope of the gap analysis will
help ensure that the results are comprehensive, accurate, and actionable. Also, it will encourage an
efficient investigation.

The next step is to identify which cybersecurity controls and measures are lacking in an
organization. The results of the analysis should identify vulnerable links and identify staffing and
technical assessments needed to close the gaps. The report should also identify actions that should
be taken, as well as the timeline needed to implement these controls.

The scope of a cybersecurity gap analysis will vary depending on the organization. Some will choose
to evaluate their entire security program, while others will evaluate a specific area or segment of the
program. While a comprehensive security program is important for any organization, focusing on a
segment will save time, money, and resources. Additionally, the results of a cybersecurity gap
analysis on a specific segment can provide a clear picture of what can be achieved within the overall

By conducting a cybersecurity gap analysis, your business can make the necessary changes to
protect its data and maintain its reputation. Moreover, it can also help attract new customers and
retain current ones. Your clients need to feel secure that their information is safe, and only an
effective security program can give them that peace of mind.

During the assessment, you should identify which security tools are unnecessary or ineffective. This
will help you consolidate outdated security tools and replace them with more effective solutions that
do not interfere with the business process. In addition to identifying redundant and unnecessary
security devices, a cybersecurity gap analysis will also help you identify the security practices that
are currently in place. This will help you to raise the level of cybersecurity awareness in your

CMMC certification levels

For organizations that wish to gain access to DoD contracts, the CMMC certification process can be
complicated and time-consuming. For this reason, it is important to ensure that cybersecurity
controls match the required CMMC level. A cybersecurity gap assessment from Semper Sec can
confirm this, and prepare you for an audit.

The CMMC gap assessment measures an organization's level of conformance with NIST 800-171, a
standard that governs how organizations protect their CUI. If the government finds out that an
organization isn't meeting the standards in this standard, the consequences can be significant.
Existing contractors working with the Department of Defense need to understand the cybersecurity
gap analysis process and the importance of CMMC certification levels.

Companies that wish to achieve CMMC certification must implement the controls described in the
NIST 800-171 standards. A cybersecurity gap assessment should identify the current state of
cybersecurity readiness and the controls that are necessary for achieving compliance. Using the
NIST Scoring Methodology, companies can determine whether they are at a high, medium, or low
readiness level. The scoring system assigns a numerical value to each control and provides
suggestions to improve the security maturity of a company.

Controlled Technical Information, or CTI, is a category of sensitive information related to space or
military applications. This information must undergo controls that govern use, access, modification,
disclosure, and retention. It covers a broad range of information that companies must protect.
Companies that manage such information must achieve CMMC Level 3 certification.

Level 1 certification requires basic cybersecurity controls and Level 2 certification requires more
sophisticated controls. Level 2 certification requires extensive documentation and audit
documentation. Level 3 certification requires all 110 cybersecurity-based controls described in the
NIST 800-171 standard. The DoD's cybersecurity program is targeted at over 300,000 organizations.
Only a small percentage of companies will need to attain a Level 4 certification. However, many
companies will need level 3 certification.

The higher levels of CMMC certification emphasize higher security. These certification levels also
reduce the risk of advanced persistent threats, which typically execute multiple incursions. These
advanced threats can infect computers and data.


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